Basic Principles Agreement Detente

The term most often refers to a period of general easing of geopolitical tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States, which was a significant reduction in the Cold War. It began in 1969 as a central element of U.S. President Richard Nixon`s foreign policy to avoid a nuclear escalation. The Nixon administration encouraged enhanced dialogue with the Soviet government, including regular summits and arms control negotiations and other bilateral agreements. [4] Relaxation was known in Russian as "razryadka," which means "relaxation of tension" in bulk. Everything discussed and agreed upon in this Agreement will not affect or restrict Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, provisions of the United Nations Charter, which pre-examines with its allies international peace and security as well as other treaties, agreements and documents of one of the parties. The SALT-1 agreement was to last five years, which is why salt-2 talks began in November 1972. With the Basic Agreement in Principle and Strategic Limitation Speeches (SALT), it was an attempt to establish "rules" for the superpower during the Cold War. The bilateral agreement, which has multilateral implications, describes the general behaviour of both countries and towards third world countries. The contracting parties agreed that, in a situation that threatened to escalate into a direct nuclear confrontation, either directly or through the taking of substitutes in the Third World, urgent consultation should be made. In 1975, the Conference on Security and Cooperation (CSCE) met in Europe and drew up the Helsinki Agreements, a wide-ranging series of agreements on economic, political and human rights issues. The CSCE was created by the Soviet Union and included 35 states across Europe.

[13] One of the most frequent and discussed topics after the conference was human rights violations in the Soviet Union. The Soviet Constitution directly violated the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights and this issue became an important point in the separation between the United States and the Soviet Union. [14] The Carter administration had supported human rights groups within the Soviet Union and Leonid Brezhnev accused the United States of interfering in the internal affairs of other countries. [14] This has sparked intense debate as to whether other nations could intervene in the event of violations of fundamental human rights, such as freedom of expression and freedom of religion. The fundamental disagreement between the superpowers, a democracy and a one-party state, has not allowed this issue to be reconciled. In addition, the Soviets defended their domestic human rights policy by attacking American support for South Africa, Chile and other countries, which were known to violate many of the same human rights. [14] A series of meetings began in November 1969 and lasted until May 1972, when an agreement was reached between Richard Nixon (United States) and Leonid Brejnnev (Soviet Union) on the limitation of strategic ballistic missiles. One of the main stumbling blocks to reaching an agreement was how to limit weapons and what types of weapons should be included in the agreements. The different structure of the weapons on each side made the comparison more difficult. Nixon`s visit to China in February 1972 seemed to put pressure on the Soviet Union to reach an agreement and sign the treaty. The United States and the Soviet Union agree on the principle that an agreement must be reached to limit the fear and threat of nuclear war.

On December 17, 2014, U.S. President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro announced the start of the resumption of diplomatic relations between Cuba and the United States. In recent months, the recovery agreement has been negotiated in secret, supported by Pope Francis and, to a large extent, by the Canadian government, which at that time had warmer relations with Cuba. The meetings were held in Canada and Vatican City.

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