Basin Agreement 1802

It was the state of maratha when Lord Wellesley arrived in India. Wellesley was determined to make the company the most important power in India. He first destroyed the power of Tipu Sultan. Then he devoted his attention to the marathas. Soon he had the opportunity to interfere in the affairs of the marates. Jaswant Rag Holkar fought the Peshwa and Sindhia. In October 1802, he defeated Peshwa Baji Rao in a battle near Poona. The Peshwa fled to Bassein, while Holkar Vinayak Rao, grandson of Raghunath Rao, placed peshwa on The Gaddi. Desperate, the Peshwa sought the english alliance and signed the Treaty of Bassein on 31 December 1802. Treaty of Bassein, (December 31, 1802), pact between Baji Rao II, the Maratha peshwa of Poona (now Pune) in India and the British. It was a decisive step in the dissolution of the Maratha Confederacy. The pact led directly to the annexation of Peshwa territories in western India by the East India Company in 1818. The Maratha Confederacy was distracted by disagreements after the death of Minister Peshwa, Nana Fadnavis, in 1800.

Military leaders Daulat Rao Sindhia and Jaswant Rao Holkar (Hulkar), both with disciplined forces behind their backs, applied for control of the Peshwa. In October 1802, Holkar defeated Sindhia and Peshwa and installed an adoptive brother on the throne of Pune. Baji Rao fled to Bassein and asked for British help. In this article, we will describe the circumstances that led to the Treaty of Bassein, 1802, and we will also talk about its consequences. The Treatise on Bassein has been described as very important by many historians. Owen said: "The treaty through its direct and indirect operations gave the company the empire of India," "But the treaty itself did not fully declared the supremacy of society in India. Of course, the English gained prestige by entering into a contract with the Peshwa, considered the leaders of the Maratha Confederacy. But to gain a practical advantage of the treaty, the English had to wage war against the Maraathas, which soon became inevitable. And if they had lost the war that followed, the treaty would have been disastrous for the English. .

The Bhonsles signed Deogaon`s contract with the English in December 1803, by which he handed over vast territories to the English and agreed to other conditions of the Subsidiary Alliance. The Sindhia also agreed to a contract with the English in Suraj-Arjangaon under the terms of the subsidiary alliance. Both leaders accepted the Treaty of Bassein. The war began in August 1803, the English had planned their tactics in advance. The northern command was entrusted to General Lake, while Arthur Wellesley led the army in the south. In addition, the English were also preparing to fight in Gujarat, Bundelkhand and Orissa. Their goal was to engage the Maratha in several places at the same time and not allow the Maratha leaders to gather their forces. The marates did not have such a concrete plan. Moreover, the Maratha leaders did not fight according to their traditional methods of war, but followed a European method in which they were not well experienced. It led to a quick defeat of the Sindhia and Bhonsle, who were alone on the pitch. Arthur Wellesley conquered Ahmadnagar on August 12, 1803 and defeated the unified forces of the two Maratha leaders at Assaye.

The Bhonsles were defeated on 29 November 1803 at Argaon and the English occupied the strong fortress of Gawilgarh. General Lake had the same success in northern India.

Comments are closed.