Chesapeake 2000 Agreement

In 2006, it became clear that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the states did not take sufficient action to achieve the goal, and the Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF) began to consider whether federal action could result in what C2K and two previous agreements had not achieved. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the scientific authority of the Ministry of the Interior (DOI), has a crucial role to play in providing objective science for documenting and understanding ecosystem changes in the Chesapeake Bay. The human population of the bay, which increased from 8.1 million in 1950 to nearly 16 million in 2000, has led to a deterioration in water quality, habitat loss and a decrease in fish and bird populations. USGS scientists are at the forefront of understanding the cause and impact of human activities and natural changes on water quality and ecosystem health. The USGS interacts with resource managers and policy makers to use science, adapt implementation approaches and assess the effectiveness of management measures for ecosystem conservation, restoration and sustainability. Competing interests of the federal government and the federal states may give rise to disputes over the management of water resources in intergovernmental basins16. These disputes can be resolved through intergovernmental water pacts, which allow states to cooperate in solving problems that go beyond the state`s problems. Dozens of intergovernmental water conventions have been made over the past century and most states have participated at some point in the condensation process17 The U.S. Constitution generally requires congressional approval for such an interstate agreement, but does not define a specific procedure for states to enter into pacts18 whether it may tend to increase and build the political influence of States Parties in order to alter or alter the supremacy of the United States18 Congressional approval is required for a pact if it may tend to increase and develop the political influence of the States Parties in order to alter or alter the supremacy of the United States.18 , while it may tend to increase and build the political influence of States Parties in order to alter or undermine the supremacy of the United States.18 Congressional approval is necessary for a pact if it tends to increase and develop the political influence of States Parties, 18 Congressional approval is necessary for a pact if it may tend to increase and build the political influence of States Parties in order to alter or alter the supremacy of the United States.18 Congressional approval is required for a pact if it may tend to have the political influence of "19 Normally, congressional approval takes the form of a joint resolution or an act of Congress." 20 The 1983 Chesapeake Bay Agreement (December 9, 1983), available on www.chesapeakebay.net/content/publications/cbp_12512.pdf. The federal government has broad authority over water resources within the United States under the trade clause of the U.S. Constitution.

In accordance with the trade clause, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Congress had "superior authority" to ensure the airworthiness of the country`s waterways. Although states generally have a legal right to water within their borders and Congress has traditionally referred to states on a number of water resource issues, the right of states to control water within the state is under the authority of Congress, in accordance with the trade clause.

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